Grounds for Refusal of a Trade Mark and Requests for Disclaimers – Nigeria
In Nigeria an application for the registration of a Trade Mark can be refused by the registrar on either Absolute or Relative Grounds.
The Grounds for the refusal of a trade mark application are set out in Sections 11, 12 and 13 of the Trade Marks A
Previously, we discussed the framework for copyright protection in Nigeria.
Firstly, it should be noted that, unlike Trademarks, Patents and Industrial Designs there is no centralised system of copyright protection.
However, Section 14 of the Act
Copyright protection is afforded to certain “works” under S.1. of the Copyright Act, Nigeria.
The term “work” includes literary, musical and artistic works, cinematograph films, sound recordings and broadcasts.
Only if a “work” falls in
In Nigeria, computer programs, whether in source or object code, are protected under copyright.
Section 39 of the Nigerian Copyright Act 1988 defines a computer program as “a set of statements or instructions to be used directly or indirectly in a
Trade Mark Licensing and Registered User provisions in Nigeria
A Trade mark owner (Licensor) is able to grant permission to a third party (Licensee) to use its Trade Mark on mutually agreed terms and conditions.
This is usually referred to as Trade Mark Licensing.
There are different types of Trade Mark Licens
1. What is an Industrial Design ?
An Industrial design constitutes the ornamental or aesthetic aspect of an article.
The design may consist of three dimensional features, such as the shape of an article or two dimensional features, such as patter